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centimeter
also spelled centimetre
PAGE 11
The International System of Units
is called "SI" (spoken "ess i")
 

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 Page 1   • THE METRIC SYSTEM
 Page 2   • INSTANT METRIC
 Page 3   • METRIC AMERICA
 Page 4   • METRIC MONKEY
 Page 5   • AMETRICAN MAN
 Page 6   • 7 BASE SI UNITS
 Page 7   • EVERYDAY  UNITS
 Page 8   • PREFIXES
 Page 9   • SYMBOLS
 Page 10 • meter  (m)
 Page 11 • centimeter  (cm)
 Page 12 • millimeter  (mm)
 Page 13 • kilometer  (km)
 Page 14 • liter  (L)
 Page 15 • milliliter  (mL)
 Page 16 • kilogram  (kg)
 Page 17 • gram  (g)
 Page 18 • milligram  (mg)
 Page 19 • tonne  (t)
 Page 20 • Temperature
 Page 21a and 21b • Conversions
 Page 22 • Measures Evolution
 Page 23 • Inch-Pound

 LENGTH
meter

VOLUME
liter

MASS
kilogram

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Use the symbol cm
1 one hundredth from a meter (0.01 m)
There are exactly 100 cm in the Base Unit 
meter

1 centimeter
(1 cm)

Remember, centi is the prefix meaning
1 one hundredth of the base unit meter.
So, 1 one hundredth of a meter (0.01 m)
is simply written 1 cm

1 cm
is about the width of black keys
on a standard piano

1 cm is about the width of an
average blouse or shirt button
or about the width of your little fingernail

Like a dollar has 100 cents
a meter in length also has 100 cm
(100 centimeters)

Snowfall is measured in centimeters (cm)

Rainfall is measured in millimeters (mm)

Smaller Measurement from a centimeter

1 millimeter
(1 mm)

"milli" is the prefix meaning
1 one thousandth (0.001).
So 1 one thousandth of the
base unit meter being 1 millimeter is
simply written 1 mm

 Larger Measurement from a centimeter

1 meter
(1 m)

Remember meter is the base unit for Length and all other Units are derived from it.
There are exactly 100 cm (centimeters) in
1 m (meter) and there are
exactly 1000 mm
(millimetres in 1 m (meter)

Larger Measurement from a meter

1 kilometer
(1 km)

"kilo" is the prefix meaning 1000 times as much.
So, one thousand meters (1000 m) being the length of 1 kilometer, is simply written 1 km which is pronounced
"KILL-oh-meet-ur" NOT "kill-AH-mit-ur".

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1 centimeter

DID YOU KNOW? 
1 cmณ
(1 cubic centimeter)
filled with water contains exactly 1 mL (1 milliliter)

and is the mass 
of exactly
1 g (1 gram)
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